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While the current Brazilian territory was occupied by Portugal, the land that would become Argentina was colonized by Spain.
The legendary strong rivalry between the Iberian countries still has reflections in the South American countries' relations, especially when it comes to our difficulties to integrate. As the South American nations were being formed, they were inheriting this rivalry.
Even after the political independence of Brazil and Argentina from Portugal and Spain — in andrespectively — the countries continued their struggle for power in the Southern Cone, especially along the La Plata river Basin.
Speaking of which, the La Plata basin was the stage for several conflicts involving Brazil and Argentina during the 19th century. The navigation of its rivers was strategic from a political and economic point of view, and it was even used to justify bloody conflicts, which culminated with the Paraguay Warthat involved Paraguay and Uruguay as well.
The countries actually have a lot of similarities when it comes to their cultural and historic formation. It is interesting to highlight the particular vision both countries have towards laboura legacy from the Portuguese and Spanish colonization.
While protestant countries exalted the hard work, the extremely catholic Iberian countries saw it as destined for slaves. The idleness, instead, was worshipped as a typical trace of royalty, and even after centuries, this thinking is still present in Brazilian and Argentinean societies, influencing the way people work.
The settlers who came to Brazil and Argentina were looking for a quick and effortless way to make money and then come back to their hometowns. The exploitation of natural resources especially precious metals and the monoculture plantation represented the economic model installed for the settlement, which reigned absolute until the industrialization process by the early 20th century.
In this plan, it was essential to enslave people. At first, the chosen ones were the indigenous native populations.
After that, the Africans were captured and brought to America to work on the fields. In Argentina, the indigenous slave work prevailed, while in Brazil millions of Africans were brought to the country to work on sugar cane and coffee plantations.
After the slave labor became no longer compatible with the economic moment of the nations, and under the pretext of the abolition of slavery, those people were either exterminated or marginalized.
Despite being neighboring countries, Portugal and Spain had a very different vision on how to colonize America. Even though there was extermination and exploitation of native populations conducted by Portuguese settlers, they were quite tolerant with the indigenous and actually mingled with this population incorporating several aspects of it.
The Spanish, instead, came to America with the thinking of making here a new Europe out of nowhere. In Argentina, the immigration of Italians and Spanish people prevailed over other nationalities, while in Brazil, a great variety of nationalities composed several immigration waves.
Both in Argentina and Brazil the indigenous populations were practically exterminated or forced to runaway to other countries. Nowadays, it is difficult to see their descendants walking on the streets.
As for Africans in Brazil, after the abolition of slavery, they were submitted to the worst jobs, and indecent living conditions. Until today, the Brazilian society suffers with a masquerade prejudice against blacks.
Ecstatically, the African descendants live in the worst conditions, have the poorest education and salaries. It's an object of discussion that the Brazilian society is still in debt with black people because of slavery. That's why several people defend racial quotas in tenders and universities for them, assured by law.
A lot of these projects are currently in force in some Brazilian states. Independence, Republic and industrialization The independence process of Brazil and Argentina ran in a very different way.
In the course of the 19th century, the American territories under Spanish control were politically divided in several countries, while Portugal's colony remained as one single nation, Brazil. While the former Spanish territories conquered their independence at the expense of a lot of blood and fighting, Brazil got independent from Portugal in a peaceful, bloodless transference of power.
Brazil was turned into a monarchy, first ruled by the Portuguese prince D. Pedro I, and followed by his son D. After its independence from Spain, Argentina was made a republic and dealt with several separatist movements and civil wars.
Despite the crucial differences existent between the Brazilian territories, the monarchy managed to maintain the country unified. Brazil would only become a Republic inafter the militaries had contact with the republican ideals with Argentineans during the Paraguayan War.
Coffee was the number one product exported by Brazil at that moment, while Argentina was leading the meat and wheat exportation.Australia and Argentina Comparison. Economists often compare Australia to Argentina when analysing development. Both countries were colonised by European nations and subsequently received waves upon waves of migrants.
Latin America is rapidly tapping into its solar potential, with growth of large-scale projects spurred by auctions in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru, with Colombia planning an auction. 1 LAC-7 refers to the seven largest Latin American countries namely, Argentina, brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela, which together account for 93 percent of the region’s GDP.
In the late 's, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay all became democratic countries.
The World Bank Report has provided a basic analysis of four countries (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico) in the adoption of e-government in Latin America, . As someone who is teaching English to Latin American students coming to study in the UK I pick as No.
1 Colombia. The rest of the world writes the country off because of 30 years of bad news stories: nominally Marxist guerrillas (fascists like all Marxists), drug cartels, and the rest.