Tattoo Making Process History of Tattoos - Meaning and Origin Tattooing is an art form and form of body modification where a pigment is inserted into a skin to change its color permanently. It is a very old tradition and today is more popular and socially acceptable than ever.
Of course, it hasn't always been this way. Tattoos were once taboo in the West, even though body art is an ancient practice elsewhere. A new book, Years of Tattoos, explores this decorous transformation, following tattoo art as it turned from an act of rebellion to a widely practiced personal statement.
History tells us that the concept of self-branding was embraced fully in England in the s after the Prince of A history of tattooing marked himself with a cross, partaking in a Medieval ritual.
Meanwhile, the art of ink was in its fledging stages in America. Martin Hildebrandt, considered one of the country's first tattoo artists, opened a shop in New York City inmaking tattoos accessible for citizens who weren't able to travel overseas. But before Hildebrandt's business -- which involved training apprentices -- fully took off, most tattooed Americans were soldiers inking up for good luck, emblazoning themselves with reminders of their lives back home.
American tattoo art's initial function as a sort of patriotic act inspired many styles that would come to define it. Artist Paul Rogers, owner of a trailer that came to be known as the Iron Factory, got his start tattooing soldiers with eagles and other winged creatures.
He'd go on to influence Ed Hardy and others, both with his technology and his aesthetic, which included American flags, plump hearts and buxom women. And, although the U. Navy disapproved of pinup tattoos for a period, they were still popular among its members.
Those would-be soldiers with tattoos that were deemed inappropriate due to nudity would go so far as to add clothes to their preexisting inked ladies. While wartime America was keen on tattoos, in less-wealthy urban districts and overseas the art was mostly confined to a small clientele.
Like most aesthetic trends, tattooing didn't make its way to rural America quickly. Small-town introductions to body ink came via the circus, where those with body art were billed as bizarre attractions. He discusses the gender divide among tattooed circus performers, and provides elucidating captions for images of women covered head-to-toe in body art.
A picture of a totally inked woman, then employed as a sideshow act, depicts her posing proudly, covered in religious iconography and regal, historical portraits. Women participated in the bubbling tattoo industry, which still remained beneath the surface of popular culture through the buttoned-up s and early 60s.
Notably, their inked art was at times an act of submission, especially among biker gangs. One spread in McComb's book pictures a girl showing off a growing sleeve of hearts, with "Property of Alan" scrawled above it. It wasn't until the s, when what the author calls "the macho world of ink" was opened to women in new and empowering ways, that more feminine designs such as subtle shading and floral imagery became popular.
Still, byfemale tattoo artists such as SuzAnne Fauser, whose depiction of a powerful pirate donning a stern expression and thick tresses can be seen below, struggled to make their mark in the industry. McComb meticulously explores these corners of the industry, highlighting everything from the significance of tattooing within prisons to the impact of the Western-influenced ban Japan placed on tattoos at the end of the 19th century.
See images from his book below.Scholars aren't sure whether his tattoos are decorative or evidence of acupuncture, but either way, Otzi makes his mark on tattooing history. B.C. -- Upper-class Egyptian women and priestesses are tattooed with a series of dots over the abdomen, thighs and breasts.
Tattooing in ancient history was a funereal art. Images of tattooing are found on Egyptian female figurines that are dated between and years BC. Libyan figures from the tomb of Seti ( B.C.) also boast figures with tattoo markings on the arms and the legs.
The Use Of Tattoos Is Recorded To Have Begun Thousands Of Years Ago And Its History Is As Varied, Colorful And Diverse As The People Who Carry Them. Mar 01, · Get your history fix in one place: sign up for the weekly TIME History newsletter. Eventually, the spread of tattooing among sailors led to the spread of the concept among landlubbers too.
New York City bans tattooing, fearing a potential hepatitis B epidemic. The New York City Council lifts the ban in The New York City Council lifts the ban in Three months later, the first annual New York Tattoo Convention is held in the city.
A Brief History of Tattoos: Tattoo You.
The word tattoo comes from the Tahitian "tatu" which means "to mark something." It is arguably claimed that tattooing has existed since 12, years BC. The purpose of tattooing has varies from culture to culture and its place on the time line.