John Wilkes Booth was a well-known actor and a Confederate sympathizer from Maryland; though he never joined the Confederate army, he had contacts with the Confederate secret service.
He was shaking hands with the public when Leon Czolgoszan anarchistshot him twice in the abdomen. McKinley died eight days later on September 14 of gangrene caused by the gunshot wounds.
He was the third American president to have been assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln in and James A. McKinley had been elected for a second term in He enjoyed meeting the public, and was reluctant to accept the security available to his office.
Secretary to the President George B. Cortelyou feared that an assassination attempt would take place during a visit to the Temple of Music and took it off the schedule twice.
McKinley restored it each time.
Czolgosz had lost his job during the economic Panic of and turned to anarchism, a political philosophy adhered to by recent killers of foreign leaders. Regarding McKinley as a symbol of oppression, Czolgosz was convinced that it was his duty as an anarchist to kill him.
Unable to get near the President during the presidential visit earlier, Czolgosz shot McKinley twice as the President reached to shake his hand in the reception line at the temple. One bullet grazed McKinley; the other entered his abdomen and was never found.
McKinley initially appeared to be recovering, but took a turn for the worse on September 13 as his wounds became gangrenousand died early the next morning; Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.
Elected induring the serious economic depression resulting from the Panic ofhe had defeated his Democratic rival, William Jennings Bryan. McKinley led the nation both to a return to prosperity and to victory in the Spanish—American War intaking possession of such Spanish colonies as Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Re-elected handily in a rematch against Bryan inaccording to historical writer Eric Rauchway"it looked as if the McKinley Administration would continue peaceably unbroken for another four years, a government devoted to prosperity".
Thereafter, he worked irregularly and attended political and religious meetings, trying to understand the reasons for the economic turmoil of the Panic of In doing so, he became interested in anarchism.
Anarchists had taken a toll in Europe by assassinating or attempting assassinations of a half-dozen officials and members of royal houses, and had been blamed for the Haymarket bombing in Chicago.
When in his hometown, Canton, Ohiohe often walked to church or the business district without protection, and in Washington went on drives with his wife without any guard in the carriage.
This would open foreign markets to US manufacturers that had dominated the domestic market thanks to the tariff, and who sought to expand. He met with rapturous receptions in the Far West, which had never seen a president.
In Californiathe First Lady became seriously ill, and for a time was thought to be dying. She recovered in San Francisco, but her husband canceled the remainder of the tour and the McKinleys returned to Washington.
The speech at the Exposition was postponed until September 5, after McKinley spent some weeks in Washington and two months in Canton. He used his time in his Ohio home working on the Buffalo speech and in supervising improvements to his house.
The talk, in which Goldman did not advocate violence but expressed understanding for those driven to it, was a great influence on Czolgosz; he later stated that her words burned in his head. Goldman expressed concern to another radical that Czolgosz who was using the alias Fred Nieman was following her around; soon after, he apparently departed Chicago.
Arntz sought the police, but the man was never found. Author and journalist Scott Miller speculated that he may have chosen Buffalo because of its large Polish population.
He boarded in the suburb of West Seneca and spent much of his time reading. Czolgosz then left for Cleveland, though what he did there is uncertain; he may have picked up anarchist literature or procured more money.
He returned to Buffalo, as yet uncertain of what he would do; at first, he only sought to be near the man who to him embodied injustice. On Tuesday, September 3, he made up his mind. Czolgosz later stated to the police: It was in my heart, there was no escape for me.
I could not have conquered it had my life been at stake. There were thousands of people in town on Tuesday. All those people seemed bowing to the great ruler.Search on speech to see films of President McKinley addressing the public and burial to see films of the rituals surrounding McKinley's death.
Historical Issue Analysis and Decision Making The topic of assassination lends itself to an analysis of a wide range of controversial social and political issues. President William McKinley is shot On this day in , President William McKinley is shaking hands at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, New York, when a year-old anarchist named Leon Czolgosz approaches him and fires two shots into his chest.
Where President McKinley Was Shot. Buffalo, New York. Today, Fordham Drive on the north side of Buffalo, New York, runs through a pleasant-looking neighborhood of older homes. But in the space was occupied by the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition, the World's Fair of its day.
The assassination of President Garfield took place in Washington, D.C., at a.m. on Saturday, July 2, , less than four months after he took office. Charles J. Guiteau shot him twice, once in his right arm and once in his back, with a Webley British Bulldog revolver, as the president was arriving at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station.
On September 6, , the popular President William McKinley was shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, while his Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt, was in . William McKinley (b. on January 29, , in Niles, Ohio) was the 25th president of the United grupobittia.com served from until his death on September 14, , nine days after he was shot by American anarchist Leon Czolgosz.
He died at age