India of the eighteenth century failed to make progress economically, socially or culturally at an adequate pace.
References and Further Reading 1. The philosophical and political notion of recognition predominantly refers to 3and is often taken to mean that not only is recognition an important means of valuing or respecting another person, it is also fundamental to understanding ourselves.
Here A and B indicate two individual persons, specifically A is the recogniser and B the recognisee. For example, I may recognise you as a An essay on social conditions possessing certain rights and responsibilities in light of your being an autonomous, rational human being for more on defining the structure of recognition, see Laitinen, This means that we must place sufficient value in the recogniser in order for their attitude towards us to count as recognitive.
Brandom approaches this idea through the idea of authority, arguing that a genuine instance of recognition requires that we authorise someone to confer recognition. Similarly, one can gain authority and responsibility by petitioning others for recognition.
Consequently, one has authority only insofar as one is recognised as authoritative. We may not consider being valued by a wilful criminal as any sort of recognition in the sense being defined here. We do not judge them capable of conferring value on us, as we do not accord any value or respect to them.
Similarly, someone who is coerced into recognising us may also fail to count as a relevant judge. A king who demands recognition of his superiority from all his subjects, simply in virtue of his being king, and threatens to punish them if they disobey, does not receive any meaningful kind of recognition for the subjects do not genuinely choose to confer value on him.
Thus, in recognising another, we must also be recognised as a subject capable of giving recognition.
This indicates that reciprocity or mutuality is likely to be a necessary condition of appropriate recognition for a discussion of this point, see Laden, A further issue in defining recognition is whether it is generative or responsive Laitinen, ; Markell, A generation-model of recognition focuses on the ways in which recognition produces or generates reasons for actions or self-understandings.
This is to say that someone ought to act in a certain way in virtue of being recognised as, for example, recognising someone as a rational being will generate certain duties and responsibilities for both the person being recognised and those who interact with him.
A response-model of recognition focuses on the ways in which recognition acknowledges pre-existing features of a person. Here, to recognise someone is to acknowledge them as they already really are Appiah, This means that there are reasons why one ought to give recognition to someone prior to the act of recognition itself.
The demand for recognition in a response-model is produced and justified through pre-existing characteristics of a person, whilst in the generation-model it is the act of recognition itself which confers those characteristics onto a person through their being recognised as such.
A third issue is whether groups or collectives can count as recognisers and recognisees.
For example, when speaking of recognising a particular cultural group, do we mean we recognise that group qua a group, or as a collection of individuals? Similarly, does the granting of certain rights or respect apply to the group itself or the individual members belonging to that group?
For a detailed discussion and defence of group-differentiated minority rights, see Kymlicka, These questions revolve, at least in part, around the ontological status afforded to groups or collectives.
Advocates of a politics of recognition are not always clear regarding whether or not groups can be granted recognition. Debates over the legitimacy or sovereignty of a state may depend upon the extent to which we recognise it as legitimate or sovereign.Sample Essay: ‘Social Networking’ LEARNING AND ACADEMIC SKILLS RESOURCES Activity 1.
Look at the essay question on the left on the effects of social networking. paragraph that clearly signpost the direction of the essay. Effects of social networking on social relationships.
Social Conditions in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck Essay - Social Conditions in Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck "Of Mice and Men" is set in California, America in the 's. As a result of the First World War and the Wall Street Crash of the late 's, America had been propelled into a state of Economic Depression.
Social work can be defined as work where you give your services to give back to the community in one way or another. It is quite a candid profession since you volunteer yourself to help individuals, families, groups as well as communities to improve their individual and collective well-being.
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Published: Wed, 17 May Social media and social networking seem to play an imperative part of peoples lives around the world. There are some who debate whether it is improving or crippling communication skills. Describe the social conditions (eg. institutions, social values, cultural practices, beliefs, attitudes, conflicts etc.) that interact to produce vulnerable groups and discuss strategies that can be implemented by Nation States to assist these vulnerable Place your order now for a similar paper and have exceptional work written by our team of experts to guaranteeRead more about social.