Differences in Development Between the Chesapeake Regions and New England Differences in Development between the Chesapeake Regions and New England The seventeenth and early eighteenth century, brought thousands of immigrants to America in pursuit of freedom and a new life. Some desired freedom from religious persecution, others wanted a chance to be free from the poverty that ensnared them in England Thus the American colonies were formed. Although the colonies were all united under British rule, they eventually separated into various regions including the Chesapeake region, the New England region, the Middle region, and the Southern region.
Reconstruction in Practice Chesapeake Colonies: Virginia, Maryland Bythe Virginia colonists had made their fortunes through the cultivation of tobacco, setting a pattern that was followed in Maryland and the Carolinas. In political and religious matters, Virginia differed considerably from the New England colonies.
The Church of England was the established church in Virginia, which meant taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were Anglicans. But church membership ultimately mattered little, since a lack of clergymen and few churches kept many Virginians from attending church. Religion thus was of secondary importance in the Virginia colony.
A royal governor appointed justices of the peace, who set tax rates and saw to the building and maintenance of public works, such as bridges and roads. In the s, the colonial assembly adopted a bicameral pattern: The assembly met regularly, not so much for representative government as for the opportunity to raise taxes.
The founding of Maryland. Lord Baltimore planned for Maryland to serve as a haven for English Catholics who suffered political and religious discrimination in England, but few Catholics actually settled in the colony. Protestants were attracted by the inexpensive land that Baltimore offered to help him pay his debts.
Baltimore granted his friends the large estates, which resembled medieval manors and paved the way for the plantation system.
For a time they even shared the same chapel. A near civil war broke out and order was not restored untilwhen Lord Baltimore was returned to power. Religious squabbles continued for years in the Maryland colony. Chesapeake society and economy. Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies.
Plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation. Because wealthy planters built their own wharves on the Chesapeake to ship their crop to England, town development was slow.
To cultivate tobacco, planters brought in large numbers of English workers, mostly young men who came as indentured servants.
More thanhad arrived in the Chesapeake region by While New England was a land of towns and villages surrounded by small farms, Virginia and Maryland were characterized by large plantations and little urban development.
The emphasis on indentured labor meant that relatively few women settled in the Chesapeake colonies. This fact, combined with the high mortality rate from disease—malaria, dysentery, and typhoid—slowed population growth considerably.
The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. Fluctuations in Chesapeake tobacco prices caused a prolonged economic depression from into the early s.
Sadly, disillusioned colonists took out their frustrations on the local Indians. In AprilNathaniel Bacon, a relative of Virginia Governor William Berkeley, led three hundred settlers against peaceful local tribes, killing them all.
Indentured servants and slaves. The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation. Even with the small amount of capital needed for tobacco cultivation, former indentured servants at best became subsistence farmers, a class ripe for such calls to rebellion as those proposed by Nathaniel Bacon.
As the number of new indentured laborers declined because of limited chances for advancement and reports of harsh treatment, they were replaced by African slaves. Early in the seventeenth century, the status of slave and indentured servant was quite similar.
Afterthe Chesapeake colonies enforced laws that defined slavery as a lifelong and inheritable condition based on race. This made slaves profitable because planters could rely not only on their labor but that of their children as well.
The slave population, which numbered about four thousand in Virginia and Maryland ingrew significantly to the end of the century.found consequences for America’s social development. To replace the dwindling supply of white indentured New England, the Middle Atlantic colonies, the Chesa-peake, and the Carolinas.
Consequently, an overarching The Creation of American Society, – Numerous things went into the development of the New England and Chesapeake regions. Though both of these societies came from the same background, England, these different groups of people yielded a different way to live.
Under King James II, the successor to Charles II, New York, New Jersey, and the Puritan colonies were combined into the Dominion of New England in However, the Dominion only lasted a brief time. There was a significant regional variation in men's and women's familial roles in colonial America.
In Puritan New England, a patriarchal conception of family life began to break down as early as the s, whereas in the Chesapeake colonies of Maryland and Virginia, a more patriarchal structure of.
Introduction to Colonial African American Life Slavery existed in every colony. At the dawn of the American Revolution, 20 percent of the population in the thirteen colonies was of African descent.
The size of plantations limited the development of cities and a merchant class, which had brought such wealth to New England.
Plantations drew many immigrants to the Chesapeake region during the seventeenth century through the institution of indentured servitude.