This page provides you with an overview of APA format.
If those guidelines specify APA format then you have two challenges. First, you need to understand the APA style rules. A thesis formatted to APA allows your reader to concentrate all their energy on the content.
Proficient enough to know how to apply the various APA rules consistently to your document. But keep in mind each university often has its own styling overrides for the title page, front matter, margins, tables of contents and running headers. You need to keep these overrides in mind as well to ensure your thesis is compliant.
On a tight timeline? Not an expert with Word? Get in touch and ask for a quote to have one our experts do all the formatting for you. Most dissertations require a larger binding margin, this is not specified by APA but will often be part of specific University Guidelines. Text All text should have flush left justification so text has a ragged, unjustified right edge.
The first line of all paragraphs should be indented by 0. The only exception is the first paragraph of the abstract. Pages should be balanced to avoid windows and orphans.
This means no single line of text should appear alone at the top or bottom of a page. No words should be hyphenated and there should be two spaces after end-of-sentence punctuation. Lists or seriation should be separate sentences identified by an Arabic numeral followed by a period.
The first word is capitalized, and the sentence ends with a period. If bullets are used then these should be small squares or circles. Commas should separate each item in a series, even before the conjunction and, i. Headers The header is located within, not below, the margin.
There is no need to set the header at a specific distance from the top of the page. APA guidelines then specify that the title page should have a running header of: Preliminary Pages Typically the title and copyright pages are counted but not numbered.
The remaining preliminary pages are then all paginated with lower case roman numerals.
It is very common for each University to have their own format for the title page and copyright pages so we would recommend checking these carefully and ideally finding examples from other thesis to compare to.
If you include an abstract then the first paragraph is the only one that is not first line indented. The table of contents can be tricky to get right.
Consistent levels of heading must be included although levels as low as 4 or 5 will typically be omitted.
Headings longer than one line must have a second line indent of 3 spaces, but not 5 spaces or this will appear as the next level of heading. Every level should use leader tabs and dots. Headings The first page of the first chapter should not repeat the dissertation title. To improve readability, it is then acceptable to triple or quadruple spaces before major heading levels 1 and 2.
All headings must then be formatted according to five possible formatting arrangements: Centered, Boldface, Titlecase Heading 2: Flush Left, Boldface, Titlecase Heading 3: Indented, boldface, lowercase, ending with a period.
Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase, ending with a period. Indented, italicized, lowercase, ending with a period. Tables Table captions are italicized, single spaced and major words capitalized.Also, APA calls for the citation to end with a unique identifying number for the dissertation, labeling it “UMI No.” That number can be found in Dissertations and Theses database, listed in the item record as “Dissertation/thesis number.”.
Usually the word is “thesis” for theses from New Zealand and all other countries except the US, which uses “dissertation” for Ph. D. theses Location: include after the name of the university, except omit for US theses, e.g.
Hood () above. Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university. Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database Structure: Last, F.M. (Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis).
Use our APA Citation Generator to generate APA format example online referencing for essays, dissertations or thesis be it books, chapters or referencing websites. Using the APA . There is the option to automatically cite films found online, in film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder.
Interviews It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Thesis/Dissertation – APA Reference List Capitalization The document title is in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized.