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Show me an example of something that you cannot explain in terms of scientific theories. Well, consider morality, which is a very important part of our human experience. Can the truths of morality, for example, that compassion is required of us, that cruelty is wrong, can those be reduced to, or explained in terms of, the laws of physics?
But can they then be explained in terms, perhaps, of biological drives, which would be explicable by biology, perhaps, and therefore ultimately through physics?
This is what philosophers rather unhelpfully call normativity. Or maybe our group will survive better if we behave in this way? Well, this is a really interesting core issue, I think.
But had our history — our social or biological history — gone slightly differently, we would have different ones. So compassion might not be right: Or cruelty might not be wrong had things gone a bit differently. Now, that seems, at least to me, strongly counterintuitive.
Are you sort of saying that there is a moral compass? I think the compass analogy is a very good one.
So moral truths are like mathematical truths? Or they could be? Yes, I mean Descartes held a view which I think many people would now regard as unfashionable: But I think he would have said the same about the wrongness of cruelty, or the goodness of compassion.
So how about people who say, well, you know, these things are just socially constructed? But, of course, that just begs the question, or demands the question, if I got morality from the previous generation, where did they get it from?
You know, oppressing the weak might be good. Yes, it does sound wrong. It was still 5. Well, I think I would say that. Not, of course, in exactly the same sense as logic and mathematics, but I would say about them what Frege, the German logician Gottlob Frege, said about the basic truths of logic and arithmetic and so on: And then you have to ask what makes them true.
So this is something that you and I probably share, which is that we think morals are grounded in some way and something that transcend outside of ourselves: God, you might call that. Yes, I mean, I do have the sense that there are things which were true before we imagined them.
I think we are then agreed that there are these truths: Or they are grounded in some ultimate reality. Are you sure those are my only choices? Well, philosophers have come up with all sorts of labels. I just chafe at only being able to have these three choices, because none of those three options seem terribly appealing.
I don't know… I don't know, yet. Or is something at stake?
|Are there some objective moral truths?||References and Further Reading 1.|
I think you could certainly say that science exhausts all the reality that there is.” For where modern science can be longer contribute its findings to the meaning of life, religious language ascends from it bringing significance and value to human life. Beckie Chung Dreaming of the Earth 4 November, Cottingham, John.
” For where modern science can be longer contribute its findings to the meaning of life, religious language ascends from it bringing significance and value to human life.
Beckie Chung Dreaming of the Earth 4 November, Cottingham, John. Every person has questioned the meaning of life; It is an idea that can be traced through out the history of mankind. John Cottingham, author of “The Meaning of Life” is just one of the many who have tried to explain and simplify this complicated question.
A life of a thousand years provides the possibility for more meaning than a life of fifty years, and the latter provides the possibility for more meaning than a life of five years.
All other things being equal, a longer life holds the possibility for more meaning than a shorter one. The meaning of life is closely linked with a cluster of related issues surrounding death, futility, and the way life is going to end, in regards to both the individual life and to the universe as a whole.
explanation of life excerpted from John Cottingham’s, On the Meaning of Life: “About fourteen billion years ago, the cosmos – all that there is, including matter, radiation, space and time – began, exploding from a tiny concentration of matter-space-energy.
It expanded very rapidly.