Alphabets[ change change source ] It seems that the idea of an alphabet — a script based entirely upon sound — has been copied and adapted to suit many different languages. Although no alphabet fits its language perfectly, they are flexible enough to fit any language approximately.
Greek diacritics In the polytonic orthography traditionally used for ancient Greek, the stressed vowel of each word carries one of three accent marks: These signs were originally designed to mark different forms of the phonological pitch accent in Ancient Greek.
By the time their use became conventional and obligatory in Greek writing, in late antiquity, pitch accent was evolving into a single stress accentand thus the three signs have not corresponded to a phonological distinction in actual speech ever since.
In addition to the accent marks, every word-initial vowel must carry either of two so-called "breathing marks": Ina new, simplified orthography, known as "monotonic", was adopted for official use in Modern Greek by the Greek state.
It uses only a single accent mark, the acute also known in this context as tonos, i.
The polytonic system is still conventionally used for writing Ancient Greek, while in some book printing and generally in the usage of conservative writers it can still also be found in use for Modern Greek.
Romanization of Greek There are many different methods of rendering Greek text or Greek names in the Latin script. The form in which classical Greek names are conventionally rendered in English goes back to the way Greek loanwords were incorporated into Latin in antiquity.
For Modern Greek, there are multiple different transcription conventions. They differ widely, depending on their purpose, on how close they stay to the conventional letter correspondences of Ancient Greek-based transcription systems, and to what degree they attempt either an exact letter-by-letter transliteration or rather a phonetically based transcription.
History Origins Dipylon inscriptionone of the oldest known samples of the use of the Greek alphabet, c. This writing system, unrelated to the Greek alphabet, last appeared in the 13th century BC.
The Greeks adopted the alphabet from the earlier Phoenician alphabetone of the closely related scripts used for the West Semitic languages. However, the Phoenician alphabet is limited to consonants.
When it was adopted for writing Greek, certain consonants were adapted to express vowels. The use of both vowels and consonants makes Greek the first alphabet in the narrow sense,  as distinguished from the abjads used in Semitic languageswhich have letters only for consonants.
Five were reassigned to denote vowel sounds: Greek also introduced three new consonant letters for its aspirated plosive sounds and consonant clusters: The origin of these letters is a matter of some debate.These printables include all 26 letters of the alphabet.
For single letters (example: just the letter B), please see our link individual letters section. Click on the the core icon below specified worksheets to see connections to the Common Core Standards Initiative.
Latin alphabet. The Latin, or Roman, alphabet was originally adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC to write Latin. Since then it has had many different forms, and been adapted to write many other languages.
A collection of alphabet printables, alphabet colouring pages, alphabet worksheets and other early learning activities to use at school or at home, to help your children learn the letters of the alphabet. Find and save ideas about Script alphabet on Pinterest.
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The word alphabet, from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet—alpha and beta—was first used, in its Latin form, alphabetum, by Tertullian (2nd–3rd century ce), a Latin ecclesiastical writer and Church Father, and by St. Jerome.
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