Marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable, cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation e. Exposure to the phobic stimulus almost invariably provokes an immediate anxiety response, which may take the form of a situationally bound or situationally predisposed panic attack.
A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object.
Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific. The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely disabling.
Such fears can interfere with work, school, and personal relationships. An estimated 19 million Americans have a phobia that causes difficulty in some area of their lives.
Seek the help of your doctor if you have a fear that prevents you from leading your fullest life.
Causes Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia.
Distressing events, such as nearly drowning, can bring on a phobia. Exposure to confined spaces, extreme heights, and animal or Specific phobias bites can all be sources of phobias.
People with ongoing medical conditions or health concerns Specific phobias have phobias. Substance abuse and depression are also connected to phobias. Phobias have different symptoms from serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. In schizophrenia, people have visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms.
Phobias may be irrational, but people with phobias do not fail reality testing. They often avoid social situations altogether and stay inside their homes. Those with chronic health problems may fear they will have a medical emergency in a public area or where no help is available.
Social phobia Social phobia is also referred to as social anxiety disorder. A social phobia can be so severe that the simplest interactions, such as ordering at a restaurant or answering the telephone, can cause panic.
People with social phobia often go out of their way to avoid public situations. Other types of phobias Many people dislike certain situations or objects, but to be a true phobia, the fear must interfere with daily life.
Here are a few more of the most common ones: This is known as performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience. People with this phobia have severe physical symptoms when they even think about being in front of a group of people.
This is the fear of heights. People with this phobia avoid mountains, bridges, or the higher floors of buildings. This is a fear of enclosed or tight spaces.
Severe claustrophobia can be especially disabling if it prevents you from riding in cars or elevators.
This is also known as the fear of flying. Dentophobia is a fear of the dentist or dental procedures. It can be harmful if it prevents you from obtaining needed dental care.
This is a phobia of blood or injury. This means fear of spiders. This is a fear of dogs. People with this phobia fear snakes. This phobia is a fear of the nighttime or darkness.
It almost always begins as a typical childhood fear. Risk factors People with a genetic predisposition to anxiety may be at high risk of developing a phobia. Age, socioeconomic status, and gender seem to be risk factors only for certain phobias.
For example, women are more likely to have animal phobias. Children or people with a low socioeconomic status are more likely to have social phobias.
Men make up the majority of those with dentist and doctor phobias.A specific phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined as an extreme, irrational fear of or aversion to something.
Find information on symptoms, causes, and treatment here. Nov 16, · A specific phobia is an intense, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger.
Some of the more common specific phobias are centered around closed-in places, heights, escalators, tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, dogs, and injuries involving blood.
As its name suggests, a specific phobia is an unrealistic or extreme fear of a specific situation, object, or setting that might make the average person only slightly uncomfortable or that most.
Other specific phobias, such as the fear of public speaking, are more related to social phobia. Social phobia is a condition where people are overly concerned about how they appear to others.
Social phobia is a condition where people are overly concerned about how they appear to others. phobia [fo´be-ah] a persistent, irrational, intense fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (the phobic stimulus), fear that is recognized as being excessive or unreasonable by the individual himself.
When a phobia is a significant source of distress or interferes with social functioning, it is considered a mental disorder (sometimes called a.
A specific phobia is any kind of anxiety disorder that amounts to an unreasonable or irrational fear related to exposure to specific objects or situations. As a result, the affected person tends to avoid contact with the objects or situations and, in severe cases, any mention or depiction of them.