Introduction About Garr Garr Reynolds is an internationally acclaimed communications consultant and the author of best-selling books including the award-winning Presentation ZenPresentation Zen Designand the Naked Presenter.
Chinese character for " nothing " Hanyu Pinyin: These anecdotes give a demonstration of the master's insight. Koans emphasize the non-conceptional insight that the Buddhist teachings are pointing to.
Koans can be used to provoke the "great doubt", and test a student's progress in Zen practice. The teacher may approve or disapprove of the answer and guide the student in the right direction. The interaction with a Zen teacher is central in Zen, but makes Zen practice also vulnerable to misunderstanding and exploitation.
In the Japanese language, this practice is called Sesshin. While the daily routine may require monks to meditate for several hours each day, during the intensive period they The introduction of zen themselves almost exclusively to the practice of sitting meditation.
The numerous 30—50 minute long meditation periods are interwoven with rest breaks, meals, and short periods of work that are performed with the same mindfulness ; nightly sleep is kept to seven hours or less. In modern Buddhist practice in Japan, Taiwanand the West, lay students often attend these intensive practice sessions, which are typically 1, 3, 5, or 7 days in length.
One distinctive aspect of Zen meditation in groups is the use of a kyosakua flat, wooden slat used to strike meditators with the intention of keeping them focused and awake. Zen chanting and liturgy[ edit ] See also: Buddhist chant A practice in many Zen monasteries and centers is a daily liturgy service.
The butsudan is the altar in a monastery where offerings are made to the images of the Buddha or bodhisattvas. The same term is also used in Japanese homes for the altar where one prays to and communicates with deceased family members.
As such, reciting liturgy in Zen can be seen as a means to connect with the Bodhisattvas of the past. Liturgy is often used during funerals, memorials, and other special events as means to invoke the aid of supernatural powers.
Since the Zen practitioner's aim is to walk the bodhisattva path, chanting can be used as a means to connect with these beings and realize this ideal within oneself.
Lay services[ edit ] Though in western Zen the emphasis is on zen-meditation, and the application of Zen-teachings in daily life, Japanese Zen also serves a function in public religion. Funerals play an important role as a point of contact between the monks and the laity.
Seventeen percent visit for spiritual reasons and 3 percent visit a Zen priest at a time of personal trouble or crisis. Doctrinal background of Zen Though Zen-narrative states that it is a "special transmission outside scriptures" which "did not stand upon words",  Zen does have a rich doctrinal background, which is firmly grounded in the Buddhist tradition.
There are two different ways of understanding and actually practicing Zen. These two different ways are termed in Chinese pen chueh and shih-chueh respectively. The Rinzai school emphasizes kenshoinsight into one's true nature.
Jinula 12th-century Korean Seon master, followed Zongmi, and also emphasized that insight into our true nature is sudden, but is to be followed by practice to ripen the insight and attain full buddhahood. This trajectory of initial insight followed by a gradual deepening and ripening is expressed by Linji in his Three Mysterious Gates and Hakuin Ekaku's Four Ways of Knowing.
By practicing shikantaza, attainment and Buddhahood are already being expressed.
Zen and Sutras The role of scripture in Zen[ edit ] Contrary to the popular image, literature does play a role in the Zen-training. The use of koans, which are highly stylized literary texts, reflects this popularity among the higher classes. At the beginning of the Tang Dynastyby the time of the Fifth Patriarch Hongren —the Zen school became established as a separate school of Buddhism.
Various sutras were used for this, even before the time of Hongren: Zen literature The Zen-tradition developed a rich textual tradition, based on the interpretation of the Buddhist teachings and the recorded sayings of Zen-masters.
Zen organization and institutions[ edit ] Main articles: Zen organisation and institutionsZen ranks and hierarchyDharma transmissionand Zen lineage charts Religion is not only an individual matter, but "also a collective endeavour".
Suzuki and further popularized by Hakuun Yasutani and the Sanbo Kyodan.Central to Zen is the practice of dhyana or meditation.. Origins. The practice of meditation entered into Chinese through the translations of An Shigao (fl.
c. – CE), and Kumārajīva (– CE), who both translated Dhyāna sutras, which were influential early meditation texts mostly based on the Yogacara meditation teachings of the Sarvāstivāda school of Kashmir circa 1st-4th.
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Zen (Chinese: 禪; pinyin: Chán; Korean: 선, translit. Seon) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan grupobittia.com was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinct school of Chinese grupobittia.com China, Chan Buddhism spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Seon Buddhism and .