Write a historical background of special need education in any developing countries

Prehistoric literacy[ edit ] Origins of literacy[ edit ] Literacy is emerged with the development of numeracy and computational devices as early as 8, BCE. Script developed independently at least five times in human history MesopotamiaEgyptthe Indus civilizationlowland Mesoamericaand China. During this era, literacy was "a largely functional matter, propelled by the need to manage the new quantities of information and the new type of governance created by trade and large scale production".

Write a historical background of special need education in any developing countries

Search Why teach current events? Why bother teaching current events? The research indicates that a regular dose of current events has a multitude of benefits!

Activity ideas and Internet resources for teaching current events! This story includes many activity ideas for teachers who teach "current events. Rogers wouldn't recognize the newspaper of the s, when this article was originally written - or of The variety of news offered; the abundance of photos; the text peppered with charts, graphs, and maps, in print and online.

Today more than ever, the newspaper is a source for all one needs to know. And, more than ever, teachers recognize the usefulness and importance of "using the news" -- and of developing students who have good newsreading skills and an awareness of current events. Among the benefits students often cite, "current events" programs cover a wide range of subjects and connect to all areas of the curriculum.

Studying current events helps students understand the importance of people, events, and issues in the news; it stimulates students to explore and learn more about the news, and to pay attention to the news they see and hear outside of school. Students are often eager to emulate their parents' newsreading behaviors, and talking about the news is one way for parents to engage students in adult conversation.

Indeed, the newspaper has been regarded as a useful tool for teaching students about current events for more than years! The Portland Eastern Herald recorded on June 8,that "Much has been said and written on the utility of newspapers; but one principal advantage which might be derived from these publications has been neglected; we mean that of reading them in schools.

That point was made by Edward F. A large body of research supports the use of newspapers and current events as teaching tools, says DeRoche. Among the research he sites: Students who use newspapers tend to score higher on standardized achievement tests -- particularly in reading, math, and social studies -- than those who don't use them.

Newspapers help teach students to be effective readers. Newspapers can help develop and improve student vocabulary, word recognition skills, and comprehension. Newspapers are effective tools for teaching many math concepts, particularly fractions, decimals, currency, and averages.

The Work Of A Nation. The Center of Intelligence.

In surveys, students overwhelmingly support the use of newspapers in the classroom and have a positive attitude toward reading newspapers. Newpapers increase awareness of and interest in current events.

Students who read newspapers in school tend to continue reading them when they become adults. Students who study news or watch TV news in school are more interested in current events than those who do not, according to a large body of research cited in a report Student Interest in National News and Its Relation to School Courses from the National Center for Education Statistics.

Studies indicate that elementary and high school students are not intrinsically interested in current events, least of all in foreign news and U. But evidence suggests that including current events in the school curriculum can increase interest.

In a recent survey, inner-city schoolteachers who used a program designed to incorporate current events into lesson plans said the program was effective in increasing student interest in current events.

Another study of students in grades 9 to 12 showed that students who study news or watch TV news in school "are more likely to engage in news-seeking behavior outside of school. About two-thirds of students in grades 6 to 12 reported in the survey that they had taken such a course in one of the last two years; about half of the students surveyed had taken such a course in both of the last two years.

Overall, 65 percent of students who took at least one course during the last two years reported their interest in politics and national issues increase "some" or "a good deal" as a result.

Among students who had taken such a course in both of the last two years, 71 percent responded that their interest had increased.

write a historical background of special need education in any developing countries

In another NHES measure, students who reported taking a course that generated at least some increase in interest in politics or national issues also reported outside news-seeking behaviors.

They were more likely than others to discuss the news or watch or listen to the national news with parents. Active, participatory current events!

Turner, professor of education at the University of Tennessee. Thomas also suggests activities for comparing different news sources' treatments of the same news story and an activity that involves students in mapping developing news stories as they unfold.However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.

Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date you’re citing. Mahapadma Nanda became King of Magadha and created what looks like the first "Empire" in Northern India.

While Indian history begins with some confidence with the Mauyras, the Nandas are now emerging into the light of history with a little more distinctness. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.

We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. An acronym is an abbreviation coined from the initial letter of each successive word in a term or phrase.

In general, an acronym made up solely from the first letter of the major words in the expanded form is rendered in all capital letters (NATO from North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an exception would be ASEAN for Association of Southeast Asian Nations).

The Importance of Background Knowledge According to the National Center for Education Statistics (), every day from September to June some million students in the United States walk into classes that teach English, mathematics, science, history, and geography and face the sometimes daunting task of learning new content.

The University of Arizona (UA) is the flagship institution in the State of Arizona and offers graduate programs in more than areas of study. Graduate programs of study are described here in our Graduate Catalog and Program Descriptions.

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